ISSN 2398-2969      

Biopsy: ultrasound-guided

Clapis

Introduction

Uses

  • For use in the investigation of:
    • Liver:
      • Jaundice.
      • Unexplained raised liver enzymes. 
      • Abnormal appearance of liver on ultrasonographic examination.
      • Diffuse liver disease Liver: disease (inflammatory, infiltrative, neoplastic). 
      • Mass lesions.
    • Kidney disease Kidney: disease:
    • Intestine: mass lesions.
    • Thorax: mass lesions of chest wall, mediastinum or lung.
    • Lymph nodes: lymphadenopathy.

Advantages

  • Low cost. 
  • Minimally-invasive. 
  • Rapid. 
  • Straight forward in hands of experienced operator. 
  • Short time requirement.

Disadvantages

  • Requires patient's coat to be clipped. 
  • Difficult to obtain samples in obese patients Obesity, from deeply located structures, highly vascularized lesions and in the presence of a large amount of fluid. 
  • Samples may be non-diagnostic or non-representative of disease process. 
  • Risk of serious complications (bleeding, penetration of viscera, introduction or spread infection, seeding of neoplasia). 
  • Requires significant operator skill.
  • Sedation Sedation or general anesthesia Anesthesia: overview is usually required in rabbits.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Seçil M, Dicle O, Göktay A Y et al (1999) Comparison of biopsy devices: sonographically guided percutaneous liver biopsies in rabbits. AJR Am J Roentgenol 173 (5), 1203-1205 PubMed
  • Barr F (1995) Percutaneous biopsy of abdominal organs under ultrasound guidance. J Small Anim Pract 36 (3), 105-113 PubMed
  • Léveillé R, Partington B P, Biller D S et al (1993) Complications after ultrasound-guided biopsy of abdominal structures in dogs and cats: 246 cases (1984-1991). JAVMA 203 (3), 413-415 PubMed.
  • McNamara M P Jr. (1989) Percutaneous procedures guided by color-flow Doppler sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol 152 (5), 1123-1125 PubMed
  • Smith S (1989) Ultrasound-guided biopsy. Semin Vet Med Surg (Small Anim) 4 (1), 95-104 PubMed
  • Smith S (1985) Ultrasound-guided biopsy. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 15 (6), 1249-1262 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Redrobe S (2013) Ultrasonography. In: BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Surgery, Dentistry and Imaging. Eds: Harcourt-Brown F & Chitty J. pp 94-106.

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