ISSN 2398-2969      

Blood biochemistry: calcium

Clapis
Contributor(s):

Synonym(s): Ca


Overview

  • Major constituent of bones and teeth.
  • Physiological functions include nerve transmission and blood clotting.
  • Comprises three fractions: ionized (50%, biologically active), protein bound (40%) and chelated to anions (10%).
  • Serum levels in rabbits are related to dietary intake.
  • Hypercalcemia has been proposed as a cause of renal disease, but is more usually seen as a sequel.
  • Hypercalcemia of malignancy does not typically occur in rabbits.
  • Total and ionized calcium levels should be assessed.

Sampling

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Tests

Availability

  • Routine availability at commercial laboratories.

Technique (intrinsic) limitations

  • Test results only significant in conjunction with other laboratory results and clinical findings.

Result Data

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Benson K G & Paul-Murphy J (1999) Clinical pathology of the domestic rabbit: acquisition and interpretation of samples. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract (3), 539-552 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Varga M (2014) Textbook of Rabbit Medicine. 2nd edn. Butterworth Heinemann Elsevier, UK.
  • Ardiaca M, Bonhevi C & Montesions A (2013) Point of Care Blood Gas and Electrolyte Analysis in Rabbits. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 16, 175-196. 
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2013) Diagnosis of Renal Disease in Rabbits. In: Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 16, 145-174.
  • Jeckl V & Redrobe S (2013) Rabbit Dental Disease and Calcium Metabolism - The Science Behind Divided Opinions. JSAP 54 (9), 481-490.
  • Wesche P (2014) Clinical Pathology in BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Medicine. Eds: Meredith A & Lord B. BSAVA, UK. pp 124-137.
  • Donnelly T M (1997) Basic Anatomy, Physiology and Husbandry. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery. Eds: Hillyer E V S & Quesenbery K E. Saunders, USA. pp 147-159.

MEMBER BENEFIT

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!