ISSN 2398-2969      

Povidone-iodine

Clapis

Synonym(s): Iodophor, Polyvinylpyrrolidine-iodine complex, PVP


Introduction

Name

  • Povidone-iodine.

Class of drug

  • Topical antiseptic.
  • Topical germicide.
  • Topical antifungal agent.

Description

Chemical name

  • 1-ethyl-2pyrrolidinone homopolymer compound + iodine.
  • 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone polymers, iodine complex.

Physical properties

  • Solution.
  • Water-soluble compounds of iodine with a suitable carrier such as polyvinylpyrrolidone.
  • The amount of free iodine in these complexes is less, but a slow continuous release of iodine is produced and skin irritation is lessened.

Uses

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Indications

  • Treatment of localized bacterial and fungal infection.
  • Common antimicrobial agent used as a surgical scrub or skin cleanser.

Administration

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Precautions

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Arai K, Yamazaki M, Maeda T et al (2013) Influence of various treatments including povidone-iodine and healing stimulatory reagents in a rabbit ear wound model. Int Wound J 10 (5), 542-548 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Meredith A (2015) BSAVA Small Animal Formulary. Part B: Exotic Pets. 9th edn. BSAVA, Gloucester.
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