ISSN 2398-2969      

Skin: demodicosis

Clapis

Synonym(s): Demodectic mange


Introduction

  • Demodectic mange is a rarely reported condition in the rabbit.
  • Cause: Demodex mites are thought to make up part of the rabbit's normal flora, with a clinical problem only being seen in immunosuppressed individuals.
  • Signs: variable pruritus, alopecia, seborrhea.
  • Diagnosis: skin scrapes, biopsies.
  • Treatment: ivermectin administration, amitraz baths.
  • Prognosis: good with treatment or clinical signs may self-resolve.
  • See also Dermatology: parasitic disease - overview.

Presenting signs

  • Rabbits may be asymptomatic or present with varying degrees of pruritus, alopecia and seborrhea.

Geographic incidence

  • Unknown (probably worldwide).

Age predisposition

  • None proven, but it has been suggested that younger animals may be predisposed.

Cost considerations

  • Inexpensive to treat.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Sequelae

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Benato L (2019) Guide to skin diseases in rabbits. In Pract 41 (10), 488-497.
  • White S D, Bourdeau P J & Meredith A (2002) Dermatologic problems of rabbits. Semin Avian Exotic Pet Med 11 (3), 141-150 ScienceDirect.
  • Jenkins J R (2001) Skin disorders of the rabbit. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract (2), 543-563 PubMed
  • Morrisey J K (1996) Parasites of ferrets, rabbits and rodents. Semin Avian Exotic Pet Med (2), 106-114 ScienceDirect.
  • Harvey R G (1990) Demodex cuniculi in dwarf rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculi). JSAP 31 (4), 204-207 WileyOnlineLibrary.

Other sources of information

  • Meredith A (2016) Dermatoses. In: BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Medicine & Surgery. Eds: Meredith A & Lord B. BSAVA, UK. pp 255-263.
  • Miller W H, Scott D W, Griffin C E & Campbell K L (2013) Dermatoses of Exotic Small Mammals. In: Muller and Kirk’s Small Animal Dermatology. 7th edn. Elsevier, USA. pp 844-887.
  • Hess L & Tater K (2012) Dermatologic Diseases. In: Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 3rd edn. Eds: Quesenberry K E & Carpenter J W. Elsevier, USA. pp 232-244.
  • Paterson S (2006) Skin Diseases of Exotic Pets. Blackwell Publishing, UK.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2002) Skin Diseases. In: Textbook of Veterinary Medicine. Butterworth-Heinemann, UK. pp 244.
  • Richardson V (2000) Rabbits: Health, Husbandry and Diseases. Blackwell Science Ltd, UK. pp 31-32.
  • Scarff D H (2000) Dermatoses. In: Manual of Rabbit Medicine & Surgery. Ed: Flecknell P. BSAVA, UK. 
  • Flynn R J (1973) Parasites of Laboratory Animals. Iowa State University Press, USA. pp 474.

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