ISSN 2398-2969      

Polydipsia/polyuria

Clapis
Contributor(s):

John Chitty

Anna Meredith

Synonym(s): Excess thirst/excess urine production


Introduction

  • Polydipsia is a commonly reported sign in rabbits Decision tree: polydipsia / polyuria.
  • However, it should be confirmed as it is easily confused by:
    • Increased thirst in hot conditions.
    • Leaking drinkers/spilled bowls of water.
    • Playing with drinker.
    • Type of drinker - rabbits will tend to drink more readily from bowls than drinkers, even if used to drinkers.
    • Inability to monitor individual water intake when several rabbits housed together.
    • Physiologic changes - increased drinking in pregnancy and lactation.
    • Type of food fed (different amounts of water in foodstuffs).
  • Polydipsia is defined as drinking >100 ml/kg/day.
  • Polyuria is commonly seen as urine staining/scalding. As such needs to be differentiated from neurological or other causes of urinary incontinence.

Print off the Owner factsheet on Excessive drinking and urination to give to your clients.

Presentation

  • Variable.
  • Polyuria - typically urine staining of ventrum and/or feet; scalding of perineal area Moist dermatitis.
  • Other signs depend on cause.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Differential diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Clinical pathology

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Tschudin A, Clauss M, Codron D et al (2011) Preference of rabbits for drinking from open dishes versus nipple drinkers. Vet Rec 168 (7), 190 PubMed.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2007) Radiographic signs of renal disease in rabbits. Vet Rec 160 (23), 787-794 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Oglesbee B L (2011) Blackwells Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Small Mammal. 2nd edn. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Jenkins J R (2006) Clinical Pathology. In: BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Medicine and Surgery. 2nd edn. BSAVA.
  • Saunders R A & Rees Davies R (2005) Notes on Rabbit Internal Medicine. Blackwell.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2002) Textbook of Rabbit Medicine. Butterworth-Heinemann.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code