ISSN 2398-2969      

Eye: dacryocystitis

Clapis

Introduction

  • Dacryocystitis is a very common ocular disease in rabbits. It can be challenging to treat and many patients may have underlying dental pathology
  • Cause: often secondary to acquired dental disease, due to inappropriate diet.
  • Signs: unilateral or bilateral ocular discharge, epiphora,  tear-stained fur on face, facial dermatitis, concurrent conjunctivitis.
  • Diagnosis: signs, ophthalmic examination, nasolacrimal irrigation, culture and sensitivity.
  • Treatment: nasolacrimal duct flushing, systemic and topical antimicrobials, topical anti-inflammatories appropriate dental investigations. 
  • Prognosis: simple uncomplicated cases should resolve with nasolacrimal irrigation and appropriate antibiosis and anti-inflammatory therapy.  However a large proportion of cases are likely to be chronic with underlying dental pathology contributing to poorer clinical outcomes.

Print-off the Owner factsheets on Snuffles - the facts, Samples - how they help your vet, Caring for your rabbit before and after surgery and Health insurance for your rabbit to give to your clients.

  • Disease incidence has been reported at 7% of rabbits presented to a university clinic.  This is likely to reflect general rabbit practice populations also.

Presenting signs

  • Unilateral/bilateral ocular discharge, often purulent.
  • Mucopurulent tear overflow.
  • Tear-stained fur on face.
  • Secondary conjunctivitis.
  • Facial dermatitis typically below the medial canthus.

Breed predisposition

  • May be seen more commonly in lop breeds but this is only an anecdotal finding.

Cost considerations

  • Moderately expensive if recurrence occurs and bacteriological investigation followed by repeated nasolacrimal flushing and on-going medical management is required.
  • Moderately to extremely expensive if significant dental pathology involved and requiring treatment.

Cause

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Prevention

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Sequelae

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Cooper S (2011) Dacryocystitis in rabbits. UK Vet: Companion Animal 16 (2), 19-21 VetMedResource.
  • Boehmer E & Crossley D (2009) Objective interpretation of dental disease in rabbits, guinea pigs and chinchillas. Use of anatomical reference lines. Tierarzliche Praxis Kleintiere 37 (4), 250-260 VetMedResource.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2009) Dental disease in pet rabbits. 2. Diagnosis and treatment. In Pract 31 (9), 432-445 VetMedResource.
  • Kern T J (1997) Rabbit and rodent ophthalmology. Semin Avian Exotic Pet Med 6 (3), 138-145 ScienceDirect.
  • Harcourt-Brown F M (1996) Calcium deficiency, diet and dental disease in pet rabbits. Vet Rec 139 (23), 567-571 PubMed.
  • Marini R P, Foltz C J, Kersten D et al (1996) Microbiologic, radiographic and anatomic study of the nasolacrimal duct apparatus in the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Lab Anim Sci 46 (6), 656-662 PubMed.
  • Hillyer E V (1994) Pet rabbits. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 24 (1), 25-65 PubMed.
  • Burling K, Murphy C J, Curiel J S, Koblick P & Bellhorn R W (1991) Anatomy of the rabbit nasolacrimal duct and its clinical implications. Prog Vet Comp Ophthalmol 1, 33-40.
  • Bauck L (1989) Ophthalmic conditions in pet rabbits and rodents. Comp Contin Educ Pract Vet 11 (3), 258-261, 264-266 VetMedResource.
  • Jones S M & Carrington S D (1988) Pasteurella dacryocystitis in rabbits. Vet Rec 122 (21), 514-515 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Knott T (2014) Ophthalmology. In: BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Medicine. Eds: Meredith A & Lord B. BSAVA, Gloucester, UK.
  • Saunders R (2013) Dental-Related Epiphora and Dacryocystitis. In: BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Surgery, Dentistry and Imaging. Eds: Harcourt-Brown F & Chitty J. pp 382-394. BSAVA, Gloucester, UK.

Related Images

Want more related items, why not
contact us

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code