ISSN 2398-2969      

Cancer therapy overview

Clapis

Introduction

  • The conventional treatment options for rabbits with cancer include surgery, chemotherapy (including intralesional therapy Chemotherapy: intralesional), and radiotherapy. Surgery is usually the most effective means of removing localized tumors and offers the opportunity of cure for all benign tumors and many low-grade malignant tumors, eg basal cell tumors (trichoblastomas) . Radiotherapy may be used alone or as an adjunct to surgery and is commonly used in rabbits for the treatment of thymoma, whereas chemotherapy is indicated in the treatment of systemic malignant tumors, eg lymphoma Lymphosarcoma overview or as an adjunct to surgery in the treatment of highly metastatic tumors, eg osteosarcoma Bone: osteosarcoma.
  • Immunotherapy (immunomodulation), photodynamic therapy, and cryosurgery are other options for some cancer types.
Print off the Owner Factsheet on Common cancers and Cancer therapy to give to your clients.

Surgery

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Radiotherapy (radiation therapy)

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Photodynamic therapy

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Immunotherapy (immunomodulation)

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Cryotherapy

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Chemotherapy

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Common tumors in rabbits

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Further Reading

Publications

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Miwa Y, Nakata M, Takimoto H et al (2019) Sponteneous oral tumours in 18 rabbits (2005-2015). J Small Anim Pract PubMed
  • Schoeniger S, Degner S, Jasani B et al (2019) A review on mammary tumors in rabbits: translation of pathology into medical care. Animals 9 (10), 762 PubMed.
  • Bertram C A, Mueller K & Klopfleisch R (2018) Genital tract pathology in female pet rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus): a retrospective study of 854 necropsy examinations and 152 biopsy samples. J Comp Pathol 164, 17-26 PubMed.
  • Von Bomhard W, Goldschmidt M H, Shofer F S et al (2007) Cutaneous neoplasms in pet rabbits: a retrospective study. Vet Pathol 44 (5), 579-588 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Quesenberry K E, Orcutt C J, Mans C & Carpenter J W (2020) Eds. Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents. 4th edn. Elsevier, USA. pp 646.

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