ISSN 2398-2969      

Dermatophilus congolensis

Clapis

Introduction

Classification

Taxonomy

  • Kingdom: Bacteria.
  • Order: Actinomycetales.
  • Family: Dermatophilaceae.
  • Genus:Dermatophilus.
  • Species:congolensis.

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Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Habitat

  • Prefers moist environments.

Lifecycle

  • Organisms produce motile cocci called zoospores.

Pathological effects

  • Dermatophilosis in other species (reptiles) is associated with granulomatous disease. Granulomas typically start in the skin and invade deeper tissues.
  • Other clinical signs in other species include skin lesions, subcutaneous firmness and/or masses.

Control

Control via chemotherapies

  • Significant differences in sensitivities have been noted between isolates.
  • Antibiotic therapy may involve multiple drugs given over a long duration in other species.

Control via environment

  • Eradication of the organism.

Other countermeasures

  • In other species, surgical debridement of lesions has been advocated.

Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Abu-Samra M T, Walton G S (1981) The inoculation of rabbits with Dermatophilus congolensis and the simultaneous infection of sheep with Dermatophilus congolensis and ORF virus. J Comp Pathol 91 (3), 317-329 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Wellehan J F (2013) Dermatophilosis. In:Clinical Veterinary Advisor. Birds and Exotic Pets. Eds: Mayer J & Donnelly T M. Elsevier, USA. pp 92-93.

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