ISSN 2398-2950      

Tracheostomy: temporary

ffelis

Synonym(s): Tracheotomy


Introduction

Aim

  • To provide temporary access to the trachea, most commonly via making a tracheotomy incision and placing of a temporary tracheostomy tube.
  • The two key indications are to alleviate upper airway obstruction and to allow for ventilatory management intraoperatively or within a full ICU setting.
  • Method for permanent tracheostomy is not described in this component.

Uses

Bypass of upper airway obstructions

  • Laryngeal injuries/obstruction, tracheal trauma.​
  • Nasomaxillary trauma or electrical/chemical burns.
  • Neoplastic lesions Trachea: neoplasia.
  • Foreign bodies Trachea: foreign body.
  • Severe laryngeal edema, laryngospasm.

Ventilatory management

  • Means of maintaining postoperative mechanical ventilation within an ICU setting for a critical patient.
  • For some surgical procedures, the presence of the endotracheal tube within the mouth compromises access; using a temporary tracheostomy tube for anesthesia allows an unobstructed view.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Preparation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Aftercare

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Nicholson I & Baines S (2012) Complications associated with temporary tracheostomy tubes in 42 dogs (1998 to 2007). JSAP 53 (2), 108-114 PubMed.
  • Hedlund C S (1994) Tracheostomies in the management of canine and feline upper respiratory disease. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 24 (5), 873-886 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Bray J & Hyndman P (2017) Temporary tracheostomy: a practical approach to the placement and management of a tracheostomy tube. Companion Animal 22 (8), 471.
  • Mosely C A (2017) Anesthesia equipment. In: Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia. Lumb & Jones, John Wiley & Sons. 5th edn. Chapter 3. 

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!