Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Trachea: rupture - repair

Contributor(s): Zoe Halfacree

Introduction

  • Tracheal rupture is an infrequent complication of traumatic or iatrogenic injury in the cat.
  • Cervical bite wounds are one of the most common causes of tracheal laceration or rupture . 17% of animals with a cervical bite wound had airway injury in one study.
  • Endotracheal intubation Endotracheal intubation may cause tracheal rupture in the cervical trachea or at the thoracic inlet.
  • Intrathoracic tracheal avulsion is covered elsewhere Trachea: avulsion.

Uses

  • Repair of traumatic or iatrogenic tracheal injuries.

Techniques

  • Surgical repair by resection and direct anastomosis of the damaged trachea.
  • Direct closure of some defects may be possible.
  • Permanent tracheostomy: rarely used in cats .

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Lawrence D T, Lang J, Culvenor J et al (1999) Intrathoracic tracheal rupture. J Fel Med Surg (1), 43-51 PubMed.
  • Griffiths L G, Sullivan M & Lerche P (1998) Intrathoracic tracheal avulsion and pseudodiverticulum following pneumomediastinum in a cat. Vet Rec 142 (25), 693-696 PubMed.
  • White R N & Milner H R (1995) Intrathoracic tracheal avulsion in three cats. JSAP 36 (8), 343-347 PubMed.
  • Wong W T, Brock K A (1994) Tracheal laceration from endotracheal intubation in a cat. Vet Rec 134 (24), 622-624 PubMed.
  • Brouwer G J, Burbridge H M & Jones D E (1984) Tracheal rupture in a cat. JSAP 25 (2), 71-76 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Hedlund C S (1991)Tracheal resection and reconstruction. Probs Vet Med (Head and Neck Surgery) 3, 210.


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