ISSN 2398-2950      

Thyroidectomy

ffelis
Contributor(s):

Introduction

Uses

  • Excision of functional thyroid adenomatous hyperplasia and treatment of associated hyperthyroidism Hyperthyroidism.
  • Excision of functional thyroid carcinomas Thyroid gland: neoplasia (rare).
  • Excision of functional parathyroid adenoma of the caudal internal parathyroid (rare).

Advantages

  • Definitive removal of abnormal tissue and allowing histopathology.
  • Preferable in cats that are difficult to medicate or do not tolerate side effects of medication.
  • Relatively cheap treatment options which is widely available without the need for specialist facilities.

Disadvantages

  • Ectopic thyroid tissue (thoracic inlet, mediastinum) can result in recurrence of hyperthyroidism (5% of cases).
  • Recurrence of hyperthyroidism due to residual nests of cells left behind with cranial capsules or tissue is a risk especially with intracapsular techniques.
  • Requires general anesthesia General anesthesia: overview and in some cats, especially with comorbidities, this may be poorly tolerated.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Preparation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Aftercare

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Williams T L, Elliot J, Syme H M (2010) Association of iatrogenic hypothyroidism with azotaemia and reduced survival time in cats treated for hyperthyroidism. JVIM 24 (5), 1086-1092 PubMed.
  • Padgett S (2002) Feline thyroid surgery. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 32 (4), 851-859 PubMed.
  • Padgett S L, Tobias K M, Leathers C W et al (1998) Efficacy of parathyroid gland autotransplantation in maintaining serum calcium concentrations after bilateral thyroparathyroidectomy in cats. JAAHA 34 (3), 219-224 PubMed.
  • Welches C D, Scavelli T D, Matthiesen D T et al (1989) Occurrence of problems after three techniques of bilateral thyroidectomy in cats. Vet Surg 18 (5), 392-396 PubMed.
  • Flanders J A, Harvey H A, Erb H N (1988) Feline thyroidectomy: a comparison of post-operative hypocalcaemia associated with three different surgical techniques. Vet Surg 17 (2), 59 VetMedResource.
  • Flanders J A, Harvey H A, Erb H N (1987) Feline thyroidectomy. A comparison of post-operative hypocalcaemia associated with three different surgical techniques. Vet Surg 16 (5), 362-366 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Slatter D (Ed) (1993) Textbook of Small Animal Surgery. 2nd edn (Vol 1 and 2) Philadelphia: W B Saunders. ISBN 0 7216 8330 4. (In-depth text, good illustrations, recommended).
  • Fossum T L (Ed) (1997) Small Animal Surgery. St Louis: Mosby. ISBN 0 8151 3238 7.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code