Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Splenectomy

Contributor(s): Andrew Gardiner, Joseph Harari

Introduction

  • Surgical removal of part or the whole of the spleen.

Uses

Advantages

  • Splenic torsion is more reliably treated with total splenectomy cf. derotation and repositioning. The latter may result in recurrence due to the difficulty in obtaining a secure pexy point for the spleen.

Disadvantages

  • While sepsis is a theoretical complication of splenectomy, it is not currently recognized as a major consideration in veterinary patients.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Depends on the reasons for splenectomy.
  • The prognosis for successfully managed splenic trauma, torsion, abscess and hematoma is favorable to good.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Gordon S S, McClaran J K, Bergman P J et al (2010) Outcome following splenectomy in cats. J Feline Med Surg 12 (4), 256-261 PubMed.
  • Spangler W L & Culbertson M R (1992) Prevalence and type of splenic disease in cats: 455 cases (1985-1991). JAVMA 201 (5), 773-6 PubMed.


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