Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Radiography: shoulder

Contributor(s): Patsy Whelehan

Introduction

  • Accurate centering is essential when radiographing any joint.
  • High definition film-screen combinations are required.
  • A grid is not necessary.
  • kV should not exceed about 50.
  • Close collimation is essential.
  • If general anesthesia is not used, then heavy sedation with analgesia is needed.
  • The film must include the whole joint, with soft tissues, must be correctly exposed and developed and free from movement blur and artifact.
  • The anatomical marker must be clearly visible, along with the patient's identification, the date, and the name of the hospital or practice.

Uses

  • An important diagnostic aid in determining the cause of a lameness arising from the shoulder.
  • Bony injury: fracture or dislocation Shoulder: luxation - traumatic.
  • Bony neoplasia or soft tissue neoplasia invading bone Synovial sarcoma.
  • Investigation of soft tissue injury.
  • Joint effusion, swelling .

Advantages

  • Non-invasive.
  • Straightforward.

Disadvantages

  • Poor positioning can make subtle pathology impossible to detect.
  • The presence of severe pain can make the procedure difficult in a conscious patient.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Allan G S (2000) Radiographic features of feline joint disease. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 30 (2), 281-302 PubMed.


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