Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Radiography: large intestine contrast

Synonym(s): Barium enema

Contributor(s): Barbara J Watrous

Introduction

  • Retrograde administration of positive, negative or a combination of contrast agents into the large intestine provides information about the intestinal lumen.

Uses

  • Investigation of:
    • Tenesmus, eg colitis Colitis.
    • Large bowel diarrhea.
    • Hematechezia.
    • Suspected intussusception Intussusception.
    • Position of colon in relation to caudal abdomen/pelvic masses.
    • Suspected large intestinal obstruction, eg colonic mass.

Advantages

  • Relatively simple procedure in most practices.
  • Inexpensive.

Disadvantages

  • Messy.
  • Time consuming.
  • May give limited information.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Nyland T G & Ackerman N (1978) Pneumocolon - a diagnostic aid in abdominal radiography. J A Vet Radiol Soc 19 (6), 203-209 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Thrall D E (1998) The Textbook of Veterinary Diagnostic Radiology. 3rd edition. pp 560-570.
  • Brawner W R & Bartels J E (1983) Contrast radiography of the digestive tract. Vet Clin North Am 3, 599-626.


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