ISSN 2398-2950      

Episiotomy

ffelis
Contributor(s):

Susan Rackard


Introduction

  • Temporary enlargement of the vulvar orifice.

Uses

  • Exploration of vagina.
  • Resection of masses/cysts.
  • Repair of lacerations/prolapses Uterine prolapse.
  • Access to caudal urethra/external urethral orifice.
  • To facilitate vaginal delivery of fetuses Dystocia: fetal.
  • Treatment of strictures or congenital abnormalities:
    • Fibrous bands.
    • Annular strictures.
    • Vestibulo-vaginal stenosis.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Depends on extent of lesions/abnormalities encountered.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Hardie E M (1984) Selected surgeries of the male and female reproductive tracts. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 14 (1), 109-122 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Holt P E (1994) Color atlas of small animal urology. Mosby-Wolfe, London. Chapter 5, pp 141-144.
  • Fossum T W (Ed) (1997) Small animal surgery. Mosby, St Louis, Chapter 23, pp 531-532.

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