Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Cystotomy

Contributor(s): Susan Rackard, Rosa Ragni

Introduction

  • To access bladder lumen.

Uses

Indications

Advantages

  • Easy to perform.
  • Minimal morbidity.
  • Requires minimal equipment.

Disadvantages

  • More invasive than catheter or cystoscopic retrieval of calculi, or medical management.
  • Risk of disseminating bladder neoplasia (TCC) Bladder: neoplasia.
  • Hematuria Hematuria /clinical signs of cystitis post-operatively.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Generally good for routine cystotomy although depends on reason for surgery.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Bednarski R, Grimm K, Harvey R et al (2011) AAHA Anesthesia Guidelines for Dogs and Cats. JAAHA 47 (6), 377-385 PubMed.
  • Looney A L, Bohling M W, Bushby P A et al (2008) The Association of Shelter Veterinarians Veterinary Medical Care Guidelines for Spay-Neuter Programs. JAVMA 233 (1), 74-86 PubMed.
  • Osbourne C A, Lulich J P, Kruger J M et al (2008) Analysis of 451, 891 canine uroliths, feline uroliths, and feline urethral plugs from 1981 to 2007: perspectives from the Minnesota Urolith Center. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 39 (1), 183-97 PubMed.
  • Cannon A B, Westropp J L, Ruby A L et al (2007) Evaluation of trends in urolith composition in cats: 5, 230 cases (1985-2004). JAVMA 231 (4), 570-576 PubMed.
  • White R N, Tick N T, White H L (1997) Naturally occurring xanthine urolithiasis in a domestic shorthair cat. JSAP 38 (7), 299-301 PubMed.
  • Peterson S L (1991) Cystotomy closure - a comparison of the strength of appositional and inverting suture patterns. Vet Surg 20 (2), 83 PubMed.
  • Radasch R M, Merkley D F, Wilson J W et al (1990) Cystotomy closure. A comparison of the strength of appositional and inverting suture patterns. Vet Surg 19 (4), 283-288 PubMed.
  • Kolata R J (1984) Emergency treatment of urethral obstruction in male cats. Mod Vet Pract 65 (7), 517-521 PubMed.
  • Osborne C A, Polzin D J, Klausner J S et al (1984) Medical management of male and female cats with non-obstructive lower urinary tract disease. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 14 (3), 617-640 PubMed.


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