ISSN 2398-2950      

Castration: cryptorchidectomy

ffelis

Synonym(s): undescended testicles, retained testicles, orchiectomy


Introduction

Uses

  • Prophylactic removal of testicles to prevent fertility and reduce male sexual behavior, or to eliminate the risk of developing diseases related to testosterone, such as testicular neoplasia Testis: neoplasia or torsion.

Advantages

  • Domestic cats kept as pets may benefit from castration to reduce urine marking Indoor marking, aggressive behavior Aggression: towards people and conditions associated with roaming such as bite wounds, trauma and contracting infectious diseases.

Disadvantages

  • Potential complications related to anesthesia and surgery.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Excellent.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Yates D, Hayes G, Heffernan M et al (2003) Incidence of cryptorchidism in dogs and cats. Vet Rec 152 (16), 502-504 PubMed.
  • Miyoshi N, Yasuda N, Kamimura Y et al (2001) Teratoma in a Feline Unilateral Cryptorchid Testis. Vet Pathology 38 (6), 729-730 PubMed.
  • Richardson E A & Mullen H (1993) Cryptorchidism in Cats. Compendium of Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 15 (10), 1342-69 VetMedResource.
  • Millis D L, Hauptman J G & Johnson C A (1992) Cryptorchidism and Monorchism in Cats: 25 Cases (1980-1989). JAVMA 200 (8), 1128-1130 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Harry W Boothe. Testes and Epididymides. In: Slatter (ed) Textbook of Small Animal Surgery, 3rd edition. Saunders/Elsevier Science, Philadelphia, PA. 2003. pp 1521-1530.

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