Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Blood transfusion

Contributor(s): Danielle Coleman, Clive Elwood, Sarah Gould, Samantha Taylor

Introduction

History

  • 1665: First canine blood transfusion.
  • 1950s: Canine and feline blood groups characterized.
  • 1960s: Untyped, non crossmatched blood transfused in animals.
  • 1980s: Component therapy starts to be used and blood banks develop at US universities and emergency clinics.
  • 1988: First commercial US animal blood bank opens.
  • Oct 2005: Change in legislation in the UK which allowed veterinarians to apply for a license from the VMD in order to bank pet blood products.
  • Nov 2006: Animal Blood Register is launched, an online database where owners can register their pets as possible donors. 
  • Mar 2007:  Pet Blood Bank - the first UK charity animal blood bank opened to collect, process and supply blood across the UK.
Print off the owner factsheet Blood transfusion - is it right for my pet? to give to your client.

Uses

Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Transfusions may be a life saving procedure for patients and may buy the clinician time in order to carry out diagnostic procedures and start appropriate treatment. The prognosis will depend largely on the cause of the underlying disease and its response to treatment.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Pennisi M G, Hartmann K, Addie D D et al (2015) Blood transfusion in cats: ABCD guidelines for minimising risks of infectious iatrogenic complications. J Feline Med Surg 17 (7), 588-593 PubMed.
  • Weinstein N M, Blais M C, Harris K et al (2007) A newly recognized blood group in domestic cats: the Mik red cell antigen. J Vet Intern Med 21 (2), 287-292 PubMed.
  • Hansen K (2006) Canine and Feline Transfusion Medicine. Veterinary Technician 27 (7), 410-420 ResearchGate.
  • Knottenbelt C & Mackin A (1998) Blood Transfusions in the dog and cat. Part 1. Blood Collection techniques. In Practice 20 (3), 110-114 VetMedResource.
  • Knottenbelt C & Mackin A (1998) Blood Transfusions in the dog and cat Part 2. Indications and safe administration. In Practice 20 (4), 191-199 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Abrams-Ogg A (2000) Practical Blood Transfusion. In: Manual of Canine and Feline Haematology and Transfusion Medicine. Ed Day M, Mackin A, Littlewood J, BSAVA, Glos. pp 263-303.

Organisation(s)


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