ISSN 2398-2950      

Abdominocentesis

ffelis
Contributor(s):

Kyle Braund

Synonym(s): Paracentesis


Introduction

  • Diagnosis and therapeutic removal of free peritoneal fluid.

Uses

  • Diagnosis of cause of free peritoneal fluid either palpated or visualized on radiograph.
  • Diagnosis of cause of acute abdomen, eg in cases of ruptured urinary Bladder: trauma rupture or biliary tracts.
  • Therapeutic removal of ascitic fluid in cases refractory to diet or drug treatments.
  • Preliminary step to diagnostic peritoneal lavage.

Advantages

  • Simple.
  • Minimally invasive.
  • Performed in conscious, standing animal.
  • Positive result likely to aid diagnosis.

Disadvantages

  • Limited sensitivity (50%) because of frequent false negative results.
  • Mobility of abdominal contents means needle susceptible to occlusion.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Preparation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Aftercare

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Crowe D T, Crane S W (1976) Diagnostic abdominal paracentesis and lavage in the evaluation of abdominal injuries in dogs and cats - clinical and experimental investigations. JAVMA 168 (8), 700-705 PubMed.
  • Barrett R P (1975) A new method of abdominal and thoracic paracentesis in the dog and cat. Vet Med Small Anim Clin 70 (1), 76+78 PubMed.
  • Scott R C, Wilkins R J, Greens R W (1974) Abdominal paracentesis and cystocentesis. Vet Clin North Am (2), 413-417 PubMed.

Related Images

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code