Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Vitamin B12

Synonym(s): Cyanocobalamin, Hydroxocobalamin

Contributor(s): Craig Ruaux, Vetstream Ltd

Introduction

Name

  • Vitamin B12.

Class of drug

  • Vitamin.

Uses

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Indications

  • Treatment of vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Such a deficiency may develop in patients with small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, ileal disease or exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.
  • The domestic cat is particularly susceptible to B12 deficiency with chronic intestinal disease.
  • In man hydroxocobalamin has replaced cyanocobalamin for therapy.
  • In veterinary species, cyanocobalamin is the most commonly used form.

Administration

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • BSAVA Small Animal Formulary. Ramsey I (2017) 9th edn. 
  • Williams D A, Ruaux C G, Steiner J M (2001) Biochemical and clinical responses to cobalamin supplementation in cats with gastrointestinal disease and severe hypocobalaminemia. Proceedings of the 11th ESVIM Congress, Dublin, Ireland.
  • Ruaux C G Cobalamin and gastrointestinal disease. Proceedings of the 20th ACVIM Forum, Dallas, TX, pp500-502.

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