ISSN 2398-2950      

Nitrous oxide

ffelis
Contributor(s):

Kyle Braund

Vetstream Ltd


Introduction

Name

  • Nitrous oxide.

Class of drug

  • Inhalational anesthetic.

Uses

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Indications

  • Used with oxygen to carry volatile anesthetics for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia. At induction it accelerates the uptake of volatile anesthetics and speeds induction.
  • During maintenance it reduces the inspired concentration of volatile anesthetic required, lowering the adverse effects of the latter.
  • Recovery is more rapid due less volatile anesthetic being administered over a given time.

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

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Precautions

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Ilkiw J E (1999) Balanced anesthetic techniques in dogs and cats. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract 14 (1), 27-37.
  • Hikasa Y, Yoshikai T, Takase K & Ogasawara S (1997) Comparisons of prolonged sevoflurane, isoflurane, and halothane anaesthesia combined with nitrous oxide in spontaneously breathing cats. Zentralbl Veterinarmed A 44 (7), 427-442.

Other sources of information

  • Based on Small Animal Formulary. Tennant B (1999) 3rd edn. BSAVA, UK.
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