Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Halothane

Contributor(s): Kyle Braund, Vetstream Ltd

Introduction

Name

  • Halothane.

Class of drug

  • Inhalational general anesthetic.

Description

Physical properties

  • Heavy liquid.

Storage requirements

  • Keep below 40° C.
  • Keep away from light.

Uses

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Indications

  • Inhalational anesthetic   General anesthesia: overview  .
  • Potent and highly volatile so should be delivered only through a calibrated vaporizer.

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

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Precautions

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Interactions

with other drugs

Epinephrine and thiobarbiturates
  • Increased risk of arrhythmia.

Opioid agonists, benzodiazepines, and nitrous oxide

  • Reduce concentration of halothane required to achieve surgical anesthesia.

Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMed Resource.
  • Hikasa Y, Yamashita M, Takase K, Ogasawara S (1998) Prolonged sevoflurane, isoflurane and halothane anaesthesia in oxygen using rebreathing or non-rebreathing system in cats. Zentralbl Veterinarmed A. 45(9), 559-575.

Other sources of information

  • Based on Small Animal Formulary. Tennant, Bryn (1999) 3rd edn. Cheltenham: BSAVA. ISBN: 0 9052 1452 8.
  • Plumb DC (1999) Veterinary Drug Handbook. 3rd edn. Iowa State University Press, Ames. pp 316-318.

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