Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Butorphanol tartrate

Contributor(s): Kyle Braund, John Dodam

Introduction

Name

  • Butorphanol.

Class of drug

  • Opioid agonist antagonist    Analgesia: overview  .
  • Antitussive.
  • Antiemetic.
  • Schedule IV Controlled Substance.

Uses

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Indications

  • Antitussive/analgesic.

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

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Precautions

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Interactions

with other drugs

  • The depressant activity of butorphanol may be potentiated by barbiturate anesthetics, phenothiazines and tranquilizers.
  • Concomitant use with metoclopramide Metoclopramide may lead to antagonism as each drug has opposing effects on gastrointestinal motility.

Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMedResource and PubMed.
  • Al-Gizawiy M M & Rudé P E (2004) Comparison of preoperative carprofen and postoperative butorphanol as postsurgical analgesics in cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy.Vet Anaesth Analg 31(3), 164-174 DOI.
  • Cambridge A J et al (2000) Subjective and objective measurements of postoperative pain in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 217(5), 685-690.

Other sources of information

  • Based onSmall Animal Formulary.Tennant, Bryn (1999) 3rd edn. Cheltenham: BSAVA.
  • Plumb DC (1999)Veterinary Drug Handbook.3rd edn. Iowa State Univesity Press, Ames. pp 89-91

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