ISSN 2398-2950      

Bismuth salts

ffelis
Contributor(s):

Vetstream Ltd

Synonym(s): De-Noltab, Pepto-Bismol


Introduction

Name

  • Bismuth.

Class of drug

  • Cytoprotectant.

Description

Physical properties

  • Grayish-white with reddish tinge and bright metallic luster; soft and brittle.
  • Superficially oxidized by air; frequently becoming iridescent.
  • Melting point 271° - contracts when melted.

Uses

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Indications

  • In man, bismuth chelate is effective in healing gastric and duodenal ulcers due to its direct toxic effects on gastric Helicobacter pylori  Helicobacter spp  and by stimulating prostaglandin or bicarbonate secretion.
  • It is often used in conjunction with an H2 antagonist and appropriate antibacterial therapy.

Administration

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Precautions

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Interactions

with other drugs

Tetracyclines
  • Absorption reduced by bismuth.

Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

Other sources of information

  • Based on Small Animal Formulary. Tennant B (1999) 3rd edn. BSAVA, UK.
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