ISSN 2398-2950      

Ammonium chloride

ffelis
Contributor(s):

Melissa Wallace


Introduction

Name

  • Ammonium chloride.

Class of drug

  • Urinary acidifier.

Uses

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Indications

  • Urine acidification.

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

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Precautions

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Interactions

with other drugs

  • Urinary acidification increases excretion of basic substances and improves the antibacterial activity of hexamine, nitrofurantoin, penicillins and tetracyclines when these are used to treat urinary tract infections.
  • Urinary acidification may reduce the effectiveness of aminoglycosides and erythromycin in bacterial urinary tract infections.

Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Other sources of information

  • Bishop Y M (1996) Ed. The Veterinary Formulary. Handbook of Medicines Used in Veterinary Practice. 3rd edn. Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain and British Veterinary Association, UK. pp 292. ISBN 0 85369 345 5.
  • Buffington C A T (1994) Nutritional diseases and nutritional therapy. In: The Cat. diseases and Clinical Management. Volume 1. 3rd edn. Ed: Sherding R G. Churchill Livingstone, UK. pp 166-168. ISBN 0 443 08879 9.
  • Allen T A and Hand M S (1991) Formation of struvite urinary precipitates. In: Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine. Ed: August J R. W B Saunders, USA. Company, pp 316-318. ISBN 0 7216 2226 7.
  • Brander G C, Pugh D M, Bywater R J &Jenkins W L (1991) Veterinary Applied Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 5th edn. Bailliere Tindall, UK. pp 194. ISBN 0 7020 1366 8.
  • Einstein R, Jones R S, Knifton A and Starmer G A (1994) Principles of Veterinary Therapeutics. Longman Scientific and Technical, USA. pp 251-252 and 561. ISBN 0 582 02963 5.

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