Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Philodendron

Contributor(s): Alexander Campbell

Introduction

  • Philodendron is a common house plant, native to the warm regions of America, including the West Indies. They seldom flower in cultivation but are grown for their foliage.
  • Family: Araceae - Arum; Genus: Philodendron. (The genus has 200 species.)
  • Philodendrons vary considerably in appearance and identification is complicated by differences in form and size of leaves between juvenile and adult growth stages, and by the number of hybrids commercially produced.
  • Philodendrons can be informally grouped into 4 categories:
    • Trailing with slender, weak stems, eg P. scandens C. Koch and H.Sello.
    • Stouter-stemmed vines with entire leaves, eg P. domesticum Bunt.
    • Stouter-stemmed vines with lobed ("cut-leaf" leaves, eg P. radiatum Schott.
    • Shrubby, nonvining ("giant").
  • Examples:
  •  P. cordatum - Heart leaf philodendron (Parlour ivy).
  •  P. scandens - Heart leaf philodendron.
  •  P. selloum - Lace tree philodendron (Saddleleaf).
  •  P. bipinnatifidum - Tree philodendron.
  •  P. rugosum - Naugahyde philodendron.
  •  P. quercifolia - Oak leaf philodendron.
  • Other genera sometimes confused with philodendrons are Pothosand Scindapsus; some "split-leaf" philodendron are actually Monstera and Epipremnum (all should be considered potentially dangerous).

Toxicity

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Clinical signs

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Treatment

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Prognosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Other sources of information

  • Campbell A & Chapman M (2000)Handbook of Poisoning in Dogs and Cats. Blackwell Science.
  • Spoerke D G & Smolinske S C (1990)Toxicity of Houseplants. CRC Press, Boca Raton.


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