Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Neurological examination

Contributor(s): Rodney Bagley, Kyle Braund, Simon Platt

Introduction

  • Clinical evaluation of animals suspected of having nervous system disease requires a fundamental knowledge of neuroanatomy and neurophysiology.
  • More important is an understanding of how discrete elements within the nervous system are integrated, interrelate and interact for the animal to perform various normal functions.
  • Examination should be undertaken in a systematic manner so that no part of the examination is omitted.
    Print off the owner factsheet Neurological examination Neurological examination to give to your client.

Functional components of the nervous system

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Goals of the neurological examination

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The neurological examination

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Ancillary diagnostic aids

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMed Resource and PubMed.
  • Podell M (2004) Tremor, fasciculations, and movement disorders. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 34(6), 1435-1450 PubMed.
  • Benitah N, de Lorimier L P, Gaspar M, Kitchell B E (2003) Chlorambucil-induced myoclonus in a cat with lymphoma. JAAHA 39(3), 283-287 PubMed.
  • Hickford F H, Jones B R, Gething M A, Pack R & Alley M R (1998) Congenital myotonia in related kittens. JSAP 39, 281-285 PubMed.
  • Toll J, Cooper B, Altschul M (1998) Congenital myotonia in 2 domestic cats. J Vet Intern Med 12(2), 116-119 PubMed.
  • Weissenbock H & Rossel C (1997) Neuronal ceroid-lipofucinoisis in a domestic cat: clinical, morphological and immunohistochemical findings. J Comp Pathol 117(1), 17-24 PubMed.
  • O'Brien D (1993) Brain damage and behaviour. Proc 11th Annual Vet Med Forum 5, 542-545.
  • Moore M P (1992) Approach to the patient with spinal disease. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 22, 751-780 PubMed.
  • Colter S B (1990) Stupor and coma. Prog Vet Neurol 1, 137-145.
  • Holliday T A (1979/1980) Clinical signs of acute and chronic experimental lesions of the cerebellum. Vet Sci Comm 3, 259-277.
  • Knecht C D, Oliver J E, Redding R, Selcer R, Johnson G (1973) Nacrolepsy in a dog and a cat. JAVMA 162(12), 1052-1053 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • de Lahunta A , Glass E N (2008) Veterinary Neuroanatomy and Clinical Neurology.
  • Bagley R S (2005) Fundamental concepts of clinical neuroanatomy. In: Fundamentals of Veterinary Clinical Neurology. Wiley-Blackwell, pp 3-40.
  • Abramson C J (2004) Neurological disorders associated with cat and dog breeds.In: BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Neurology. BSAVA, Gloucester, pp 408-417.
  • Garosi L (2004) The neurological examination. In: BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Neurology. BSAVA, Gloucester, pp 1-23.
  • Garosi L (2004) Lesion Localisation and differential diagnosis. In: BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Neurology. BSAVA Gloucester, pp 24-34.
  • Lorenz MD, Kornegay J N (2004) Handbook of Veterinary Neurology. Saunders.
  • Braund K G (2003) Neurological Syndromes. In: Braund's Clinical Neurology in Small Animals: Localization, Diagnosis and Treatment.Vite C H (ed) International Veterinary Information Service, Ithaca NY (www.ivis.org).
  • Braund K G (1995) Localizing lesions to the brain based on neurological syndromes. Vet Med 90, 130-156.
  • Braund K G (1995) Using neurologic syndromes to localize lesions in the spinal cord. Vet Med 90, 157-167.
  • Braund K G (1995) Localizing lesions by recognizing neuropathic, myopathic, multifocal and paroxysmal syndromes. Vet Med 90, 168-179.
  • Sims M H (1989) Hearing loss in small animals - occurrence and diagnosis. In: Current veterinary therapy X. Kirk R W. Philadelphia: W B Saunders. pp 805-811.
  • King A S (1987) Physiological and clinical anatomy of the domestic mammals. Oxford University Press.


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