ISSN 2398-2950      

Neoplasia: TNM staging

ffelis

Introduction

  • Anatomical classification giving an objective description of the extent of the neoplasm.
  • Extent of primary tumor (T) and the presence, absence or likelihood of metastatic disease (N, M) are of great importance in determining the feasibility of therapy and the overall prognosis.
  • There is a difference between clinical stage and true pathological stage of the disease because it is often impossible to detect microscopic tumor extensions or deposits.
  • Location of the tumor and histological type and grade are also of prognostic significance.

Primary tumor (T)

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Lymph nodes (N)

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Distant metastasis (M)

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Lymphoproliferative disorders

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Argyle D J, Brearley M J & Turek M M (2008) Clinical Approach to the Cancer Patient. In: Decision Making in Small Animal Oncology. Wiley Blackwell, Ames, Iowa, USA.
  • Morrison W B (2002) Clinical Evaluation of Cancer Patients. In: Cancer in Dogs and Cats: Medical and Surgical Management.2nd edn. Teton New Media, Jackson, WY, USA.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code