Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Fundoscopy: abnormal findings

Synonym(s): Retinopathy

Contributor(s): Natasha Mitchell, David Gould

Examination

  • In order to appreciate the abnormal retina, it is essential to become familiar with the normal fundus and its many variations.
  • Examination of the fundus is achieved by ophthalmoscopy.
  • Direct ophthalmoscopy provides a small field of view of a magnified image, and is useful when examining an area in greater detail Ophthalmoscopy: direct.
  • Indirect ophthalmoscopy provides a wide field of view, is the best way of scanning the entire fundus and is possible even with partial opacity of the ocular media Ophthalmoscopy: indirect.

Congenital and early onset conditions

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Acquired conditions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

Other sources of information

  • Mitchell N & Oliver J (2015) The vitreous and fundus. In: Feline Ophthalmology - The Manual. Editorial Servet, Grupo Asis. pp 173-191. ISBN 978-84-16315-11-6
  • McLellan G J & Narfström K (2014) The Fundus. In: BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Ophthalmology, 3rd edn. D Gould & G McLellan (eds), Chapter 18, pp 322-356.
  • Barnett K C & Crispin S M (1998) Fundus. In: Feline Ophthalmology. An Atlas & Text. Saunders. Chapter 14, pp 155-180.


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