Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Anesthetic premedication: overview

Contributor(s): John Dodam, Jo Murrell, Sheilah Robertson, Claire Waters

Advantages

  • Eases restraint pre-operatively.
  • Calms the patient.
  • Provides analgesia.
  • Muscle relaxation.
  • Reduces dose of anesthetic agents used for induction or maintenance.
  • Counteracts side-effects of anesthetic agents.
  • Smooths anesthesia and recovery.

Disadvantages

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Classes of agents used

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Neuroleptanalgesia

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General points

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Slingsby L S, Taylor P M, Monroe T (2009) Thermal antinociception after dexmedetomidine administration in cats: a comparison between intramuscular and oral transmucosal administration. J Feline Med Surg 11 (10), 829-834 PubMed.
  • Granholm  M, McKusick B C, Westerholm F C et al (2006) Evaluation of the clinical efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine or medetomidine in cats and their reversal with atipamezole. Vet Anaesth Analg 33 (4), 214-223 PubMed.
  • Balmer T V, Irvine D, Jones R S et al (1998) Comparison of carprofen and pethidine as postoperative analgesics in the cat. JSAP 39 (4), 158-164 PubMed.
  • Mathews K A (1996) Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory analgesics to manage acute pain in dogs and cats. Comp Cont Ed Prac Vet 18 (10), 1117-1123 VetMedResource.
  • Hashim M A & Waterman A E (1993) Effects of acepromazine, pethidine and atropine premedication on lower oesophageal sphincter pressure in anaesthetized cats. Vet Rec 133 (7), 158-160 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Blundell C (1998) Sedation in cats. Feline Update Spring.
  • Hall L W & Clarke K W (1991) Veterinary Anesthesia. 9th edn. London: Bailliere Tindall.


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