ISSN 2398-2950      

Tularemia

ffelis
Contributor(s):

Susan Dawson

Rhea Morgan


Introduction

  • Zoonotic disease that can infect many domestic and wild animals, including dogs, cats and rabbits.
  • Caused by Francisella tularensis Francisella tularensis, a gram-negative, non-spore forming bacteria.

Pathogenesis

Pathophysiology

  • Bacteria multiply within macrophages.
  • Capillary endothelium becomes damaged and necrotic foci develop in:
    • Liver.
    • Spleen.
    • Lungs.
    • Lymph nodes.

Epidemiology

  • Due to tick transmission, human cases have a peak incidence from May to August. A similar seasonality pattern may be noted in animals.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Pennisi M G, Egberink H, Hartmann K et al (2013) Francisella Tularensis Infection in Cats: ABCD guidelines on prevention and management. J Feline Med Surg 15 (7), 585-587 PubMed.
  • Feldman K A (2003) Tularaemia. JAVMA 222 (6), 725-730 PubMed.
  • Woods, J P, Crystal M A, Morton R J et al (1998) Tularaemia in two cats. JAVMA 212 (1), 81-83 PubMed.
  • Woods J P, Panciera R J, Morton R J et al (1998) Feline tularemia. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 20 (4), 442-457 VetMedResource.
  • Gustafson B W & DeBowes L J (1996) Tularaemia in a dog. J Anim Hosp Assoc 32 (4), 339-341 PubMed.
  • Capellan J & Fong I W (1993) Tularaemia from a cat bite: case report and a review of feline-associated tularaemia. Clin Infec Dis 16 (4), 472-475 PubMed

Other sources of information

  • Kaufman K A (1998) Tularaemia. In: Greene C E. Infectious diseases of the Dog and Cat. 2nd edition, WB Saunders.

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