ISSN 2398-2950      

Trachea: foreign body

ffelis

Synonym(s): Trachea: obstruction


Introduction

  • Occasional problem.
  • Cause: stones, inhaled tooth, rarely grass and other vegetation.
  • Signs: respiratory noise (stridor) and dyspnea (cough if bronchial).
  • Diagnosis: radiography and endoscopy.
  • Treatment: bronchoscopy and forceps removal; fluoroscopy, lung lobectomy if distal bronchial location.
  • Prognosis: good with appropriate treatment.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Inhaled foreign body, eg stone, tooth.

Specific

Pathophysiology

  • Inhalation of foreign body   →   partial/full blockage of trachea or bronchi   →   respiratory compromise and secondary pulmonary infection.
  • Inhalation of FB   →   usually enters right caudal lobe bronchus as straightest path   →   local pneumonia and may migrate caudally.
  • Large FB   →   lodges trachea/tracheal bifurcation   →   severe respiratory compromise. (This is more common than bronchial migration in this species.)

Timecourse

  • Hours to a few days.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Tivers M S & Moore A H (2006) Tracheal foreign bodies in the cat and the use of fluoroscopy for removal: 12 cases. JSAP 47 (3), 155-159 PubMed.
  • Bright S R, Mellanby R J & Williams J M (2002) Oropharyngeal stick injury in a Bengal cat. J Feline Med Surg (3), 153-5 PubMed.
  • Dhupa N & Littman M P (1992) Epistaxis. Comp Cont Ed 14 (8), 1033-1041 VetMedResource.
  • Dimski D A (1991) Tracheal obstruction caused by tree needles in cat. JAVMA 199 (4), 477-478 PubMed.
  • Brownlie S E, Davies J V & Jones D G C (1986) Bronchial foreign bodies in four dogs. JSAP 17 (4), 239-245 VetMedResource.
  • Dobbie G R, Darke P G G & Head K W (1986) Intrabronchial foreign bodies in dogs. JSAP 17 (4), 227-238 VetMedResource.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code