Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Tarsocrural luxation

Synonym(s): Talocrural luxation, Tarsus dislocation, Tarsus luxation

Contributor(s): Noel Fitzpatrick, Rosanna Marsella, Sorrel Langley-Hobbs

Introduction

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Trauma, HBC or bite wound injuries.

Pathophysiology

  • Trauma-induced luxation of the tarsocrurual joint creates severe disability.
  • Foot most commonly luxates medially due to rupture of the lateral collateral ligament or fibular malleolar fracture.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Roch S P, Störk C K, Gemmill T J et al (2009) Treatment of fractures of the tibial and/or fibular malleoli in 30 cats. Vet Rec 165 (6), 165-170 PubMed.
  • Owen M A (2000) Use of contoured bar transhock external fixators in 17 cats. J Small Anim Pract 41 (10), 440-446 PubMed.
  • Schmökel H G, Hartmeier G E, Kaser-Hotz B et al (1994) Tarsal injuries in the cat: a retrospective study of 21 cases. JSAP 35 (3), 156-162 VetMedResource.
  • Toombs J P (1992) Transarticular application of external skeletal fixation​. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 22 (1), 181-94 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Voss K, Langley-Hobbs S J, Montavon P M (2009) Tarsal joint. In: Feline Orthopedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Disease. Montavon P M, Voss K, Langley-Hobbs S J (eds), Saunders, Elsevier. pp 507-526.


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