Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Sweat gland: hyperplasia and neoplasia

Synonym(s): Apocrine (epitrichial cyst, apocrine cystomatosis, papillary syringoadenoma, apocrine cystadenoma, apocrine carcinoma, spiradenoma, eccrine (atrichial carcinoma

Contributor(s): David Godfrey

Introduction

  • Uncommon, benign or malignant cysts and proliferations of sweat glands.
  • Most arise from apocrine (epitrichial) sweat glands.
  • Eccrine (atrichial) adenomas and adenocarcinomas are only found on footpads and are rare but adenocarcinoma are more common than adenomas in this site.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Cause is unknown.

Timecourse

  • Weeks to months.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Fuentealba I C, Illanes O G & Haines D M (2000) Eccrine adenocarcinomas of the footpads in two cats. Can Vet J 41 (5), 401-403 PubMed.
  • Kalaher K M, Anderson W I & Scott D W (1990) Neoplasms of the apocrine sweat glands in 44 dogs and 10 cats. Vet Rec 127 (16), 400-403 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Miller W H, Griffin C E & Campbell K L (2013) Neoplastic and non-neoplastic tumors. In: Muller and Kirk's Small Animal Dermatology.7th edn. Elsevier, St Louis, pp 789-790.
  • Gross T L, Ihrke P J & Walder E J (1992) Sweat gland tumours. In: Veterinary Dermatopathology A macroscopic and microscopic evaluation of canine and feline skin disease. Mosby Year Book, St Louis, pp 386.


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