ISSN 2398-2950      

Scapula: fracture

ffelis

Introduction

  • Cause: fractures of the feline scapula occur predominantly as a result of major trauma, usually a road traffic accident, dog bite or fall. 
  • Signs: acute onset, forelimb lameness is the most common presentation. Swelling or abnormal contour in the region of the scapula may also be visible.  
  • Fractures can be divided into two main regions:  
    • Fractures of the body, spine and acromion process of the scapula. 
    • Scapular neck and glenoid fractures. 
  • Treatment:
    • Conservative management for many non-articular, mildly displaced, proximal or fractures.
    • Surgical treatment should be considered for articular, distal or more displaced fractures. 
  • Prognosis: when managed appropriately and promptly the prognosis for scapular is generally good, the most challenging fractures are those involving the neck and glenoid.   

Pathogenesis

Epidemiology

  • Trauma.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource
  • Serck B M, Wouters E E (2019) Ununited accessory caudal glenoid ossification centre and associated joint mouse as a cause of lameness in a cat. J Fel Med Surg Open Rep 5(2), 2055116919879255 PubMed.
  • Preston T J, Hosgood G (2015) Glenoidectomy for treatment of a comminuted scapular fracture in a cat. J Fel Med Surg Open Rep 1(2), 2055116915613816 PubMed
  • Clarke B S, Findji L (2012) Total scapulectomy for the treatment of chondrosarcoma in a cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc 241(3), 364-367 PubMed.
  • Perry K L, Lam R, Rutherford L, Arthurs G I (2012) A case of scapular avulsion with concomitant scapular fracture in a cat. J Feline Med Surg 14(12), 946-991 PubMed
  • Plesman R L, French S, Nykamp S, Ringwood P B (2011) Partial scapulectomy for treatment of an articular fracture of the scapula in a cat. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 24(6), 468-473 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Montavon P, Voss K, Langley-Hobbs S J (2009) Scapula fractures. In: Feline Orthopedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Disease. Saunders Elsevier, chapter 27.
  • Scott H, McLaughlin R (2006) Fractures and Disorders of the Forelimb. In: Feline Orthopaedics. CRC Press. 

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