Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Salivary gland: neoplasia

Contributor(s): Rosa Ragni, Irene Rochlitz

Introduction

  • Unusual - adenocarcinoma most common type (malignant are more common than benign tumors).
  • Signs:
    Either Firm discrete enlargement of one of major salivary glands (most commonly parotid), occasionally with associated mucocele.
    Or Diffuse thickened infiltration of oral mucosa developing from one of the minor glands.
  • Treatment: surgical resection if possible.
  • Prognosis: guarded; risk of metastasis and local recurrence. In addition, adjacent neurovascular structures may be damaged.

Pathogenesis

Timecourse

  • Days/weeks.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Mazzullo G, Sfacteria A, Ianelli N et al (2005) Carcinoma of the submandibular salivary glands with multiple metastases in a cat. Vet Clin Pathol 34 (1), 61-64 PubMed.
  • Hammer A, Getzy D, Ogilvie G et al (2001) Salivary gland neoplasia in the dog and cat: survival times and prognostic factors. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 37 (5), 478-482 PubMed.
  • Burek K A, Munn R J, Madewell B R (1994) Metastatic adenocarcinoma of a minor salivary gland in a cat. Zentralbl Veterinarmed A 41 (6), 485-490 PubMed.
  • Spangler W  L & Culbertson M R (1991) Salivary gland disease in dogs and cats - 245 cases (1985-1988). JAVMA 198 (3), 465-469 PubMed.
  • Brown N O (1989) Salivary gland diseases. Diagnosis, treatment, and associated problems. Probl Vet Med (2), 281-294 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Dunning D (2003) Oral cavity: tongue, lips, cheeks, pharynx, and salivary glands. In: Textbook of Small Animal Surgery. 3rd edn. Slatter D (ed), W B Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 553-561.
  • Hedlund C S (2002) Surgery of the oral cavity and oropharynx. In: Small Animal Surgery. 2nd edn, T W Fossum (ed), Mosby, St. Louis, pp 274-307.
  • Knecht C D (1998) Salivary glands. In:Current techniques in Small Animal Surgery. 4th edn, Bojrab M J (ed), Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, pp 183-186.


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