Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Plasma cell pododermatitis

Contributor(s): David Godfrey, Rosanna Marsella, Ian Mason, David Scarff, Charlie Walker

Introduction

  • Uncommon cutaneous disorder causing swelling and ulceration of the footpads  Plasma cell pododermatitis .
  • Cause: unknown etiology.
  • Treatment: sometimes resolves without treatment. Probably responds to doxycycline or glucocorticoid administration although scientific studies have not been performed.
  • Prognosis: good.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Unknown.
  • Thought to be immune mediated, in view of the presence of plasma cells and the response to immunomodulatory drugs.
    A link to a positive feline immodeficiency virus status has been suggested but this does not seem to have been proven.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Foster A P (2004) Plasma cell pododermatitis. UK Vet (5), 56-61.
  • Bettenay S V, Mueller R S, Dow K et al (2003) Prospective study of the treatment of feline plasmacytic pododermatitis with doxycycline. Vet Rec 152 (18), 564-566 PubMed.
  • Taylor J E & Schmeitzel L P (1990) Plasma cell pododermatitis with chronic footpad hemorrhage in two cats. JAVMA 197 (3), 375-377 PubMed.
  • Scott D W (1987) Feline Dermatology 1983-1985 "The secret sits". JAAHA 23 (3), 255-274 VetMedResource.
  • Gryffydd-Jones T J, Orr C M & Lucke V M (1980) Foot pad swelling and ulceration in cats - a report of five cases. JSAP 21 (7), 382-389 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Gross T L, Ihrke P J & Walder E J (1992) Feline plasma cell pododermatitis. In: Gross T L, Ihrke P J & Walder E J VeterinaryDermatopathology. Mosby Year Book, St Louis, pp 220.


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