Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Malleolus: fracture

Contributor(s): Noel Fitzpatrick, Rosanna Marsella

Introduction

  • Affects articular surface and disrupt origin of collateral ligaments.
  • Cause: trauma.
  • Signs: valgus (if medial malleolar fracture); varus (if lateral malleolar fracture).
  • Treatment: open reduction and fixation; if open, may need to be treated as a 'shearing injury'   Malleolus: shearing injury.
  • Prognosis: fair - osteoarthritis a common sequel.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Trauma.

Pathophysiology

  • Traumatic fracture of malleolus of hock.
  • Medial and lateral malleolar fractures permit valgus and varus deformity of hock respectively.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Roch S P, Störk C K, Gemmill T J et al (2009) Treatment of fractures of the tibial and/or fibular malleoli in 30 cats. Vet Rec 165 (6), 165-170 PubMed.


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