Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Cornea: keratitis

Contributor(s): Dennis E Brooks, David Williams, Natasha Mitchell

Introduction

  • Relatively common.
  • Acquired corneal inflammatory disease divided into superficial, deep, and ulcerative forms according to whether one or more layers of cornea involved.
  • Cause: multifactorial, but feline herpesvirus-1 is the most common cause.
  • Signs: corneal opacity, +/- pain and discharge.
  • Diagnosis: signs and occasionally laboratory tests.
  • Treatment: success depends on identifying and managing cause.
  • Prognosis: may develop corneal scarring or intermittent relapsing disease.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

Predisposing factors

General

Pathophysiology

  • The disease entity 'keratitis' is subdivided into different categories on the basis of history, cause and clinical presentation.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Adam S & Crispin S (1995) Differential diagnosis of keratitis in cats. In Pract 17 (8), 355-363 VetMedResource.
  • Kern T J (1990) Ulcerative keratitis. Vet Clin North Am Clin Pract 20 (3), 643-666 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Petersen-Jones S & Crispin S (2002) BSAVA Manual of Small Animal Ophthalmology. 2nd edn. British Small Animal Veterinary Association. ISBN 0 905214 54 4


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