Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Infectious infertility in the female

Introduction

Pathogenesis

Etiology

Predisposing factors

General

  • Unvaccinated queens.
  • Large breeding colonies (increased exposure).

Pathophysiology

FeLV

  • Infected queens are likely to be infertile. If breeding does occur   →   congenital infection of kittens.
  • Suspected to be transplacental infection.
  • Theory: FeLV   →   immuno-suppression   →   chronic endometritis   →   reproductive failure.

Chlamydial infection

  • Chlamydia often isolated from infertile cats but direct link not proved.

Feline panleukopenia

  • Tropism for rapidly developing cells   →   transplacental spread   →   fetal infection and death.

'Non-specific' causes

  • Probably sporadic ascending or systemic opportunistic infections.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • No authors named (1993) Fertility and infertility in dogs, cats and other carnivores. Proceedings of the 2nd International symposium on canine and feline reporduction. Liege, Belgium, August 1992. J Reprod Fertil Suppl 47, 1-564 PubMed.
  • Stein B S (1991) Reporductive dysfunction in the feline. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd 116 (Suppl 1), 96S-102S PubMed.
  • Wolf A M (1989) Feline reproduction. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd 114 (Suppl 1), 11S-15S PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Christiansen I J (1984) Reproduction in the Dog and Cat. London: Bailliere Tindall, pp243-245. ISBN 0 7020 0918 0.
  • Chandler E A, Gaskell C J and Gaskell R M (1994) Feline Medicine and Therapeutics. 2nd edn. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications, pp 272-273, 445-565. ISBN 0 632 03361 4.
  • Bush B M (1991) Interpretation of Laboratory Results for Small Animal Clinicians. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications, pp143-145. ISBN 0 632 03259 6.


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