Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Facial dermatitis of Persian and Himalayan cats

Synonym(s): Idiopathic facial dermatitis

Contributor(s): Rosanna Marsella, David Scarff, Charlie Walker

Introduction

  • Cause: uncommon to rare, idiopathic, facial dermatosis of young Persian and Himalayan cats (and reported in one domestic short haired cat).
  • Signs: black exudation of the face and chin.
  • Diagnosis: clinical signs and exclusion of other differentials +/- skin biopsies.
  • Treatment: systemic immunomodulation with glucocorticoids or cyclosporin A, or topical Tacrolimus, have been helpful in some cases; combination antimicrobial, antiseborrheic and barrier control topicals may be beneficial.
  • Prognosis: poor.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

Pathophysiology

  • Pathogenesis is unknown.
  • A reaction pattern, linked with hypersensitivity, has been mooted at least for some individuals.
  • A sebaceous gland defect has also been proposed.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Chung T H, Ryu M H, Kim D Y et al (2009) Topical tacrolimus (FK506) for the treatment of feline idiopathic facial dermatitis. Aus Vet J 87 (10), 417-420 PubMed.
  • Bond R, Curtis C F, Ferguson E A (2000) An idiopathic facial dermatitis of Persian cats. Vet Dermatol 11 (1), 35-41 VetMedResource.
  • Fontaine J & Heinmann M (2004) Idiopathic facial dermatitis of the Persian Cat: 3 cases controlled with cyclosporine. Vet Dermatol 15 (s1), 64 Wiley Online Library.
  • Foil C S (1995) Facial, pedal and other regional dermatoses. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 25 (4), 923-944 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Miller W H, Griffin C E & Campbell K L (2013) Congenital & Hereditary Defects - Idiopathic Facial Dermatitis in Persians and Himalayan Cats. In: Muller & Kirk's Small Animal Dermatology. 7th edn. Elsevier, Inc., Missouri, pp 576-577.
  • Nuttall T, Harvey R G & McKeever P J (2009) Diseases characterised by scale and crust - Facial Dermatitis of Persian and Himalayan Cats. In: A Colour Handbook of Skin Diseases in the Dog and Cat. 2nd edn, Manson Publishing, London. Chapter 6, p 208.
  • Paterson S (2000) Miscellanous Skin Disease - Idiopathic Facial Dermatitis in Persians. In: Skin Disease of the Cat. Blackwell Science, Oxford, p 229.
  • Bond R, Curtis C F, Ferguson E A, Mason I S, Rest J (1997) An idiopathic facial dermatitis of 13 Persian cats. In: Proceedings of the British Veterinary Dermatology Study Group, 1997 Stratford-Upon-Avon: British Veterinary Dermatology Study Group. (1st published report of this condition.)


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