ISSN 2398-2950      

Ectopic cilia

ffelis

Introduction

  • Rare condition.
  • Cause: adventitious hairs emerge through the palpebral conjunctiva to contact the cornea.
  • Signs: usually in the 12 o'clock position of the upper eyelid; often pain or ocular discomfort. Usually associated with distichiasis Distichiasis.
  • Diagnosis: signs.
  • Treatment: surgical.
  • Prognosis: good, possibility of recurrence in another site.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Congenital.

Pathophysiology

  • Variation on distichiasis Distichiasis in which an adventitious hair arises from within or adjacent to the Meibomian glands .
  • Ectopic hair/cilia emerges through the palpebral conjunctiva (inner surface of the eyelid) .
  • Corneal irritation   →   superficial keratitis Keratitis  →   corneal ulceration Ulcerative keratitis.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Petersen-Jones S & Crispin S (2002) BSAVA Manual of Small Animal Ophthalmology. 2nd edn. British Small Animal Veterinary Association. ISBN 0 905214 54 4

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