Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Dermatitis: miliary

Contributor(s): Rosanna Marsella, Ian Mason, David Scarff

Introduction

  • A pruritic papulocrustous dermatitis.
  • Cause: multifactorial - parasitic, fungal, bacterial, allergic, nutritional deficiency, idiopathic.
  • Signs: papules and crusts over dorsum or generalized, alopecia, hyperesthesia, personality change.
  • Diagnosis: history and physical examination plus standard dermatological investigations, ie skin scrapings, Wood's lamp Wood's lamp test.
  • Treatment: depends on cause; if idiopathic - glucocorticoids.
  • Prognosis: depends on cause; long-term treatment may be necessary.

Pathogenesis

Pathophysiology

  • >90% due to flea bite hypersensitivity.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Coatesworth J (2007) Feline miliary dermatitis. UK Vet 12 (7), 73-76 VetMedResource.
  • Jackson A & Foster A (2006) Management of feline miliary dermatitis: a clinical update. In Practice 28 (3), 147-151 VetMedResource.
  • Roosje P J, Willemse T (1995) Cytophilic antibodies in cats with miliary dermatitis and eosinophilic plaques: passive transfer of immediate-type hypersensitivity. Vet Q 17 (2), 66-69 PubMed.
  • Harvey R G (1993) Effect of varying proportions of evening primrose oil and fish oil on cats with crusting dermatosis ('miliary dermatitis')Vet Rec 133 (9), 208-211 PubMed.
  • Harvey R G (1991) Feline miliary dermatitis. Vet Rec 129 (14), 320 PubMed.
  • Harvey R G (1991) Management of feline miliary dermatitis by supplementing the diet with essential fatty acids. Vet Rec 128 (14), 326-329 PubMed.
  • Foil C S (1988) Differential diagnosis of feline pruritus. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 18 (5), 999-1011 PubMed.
  • Gross T L, Kwochka K W, Kunkle G A (1986) Correlation of histologic and immunologic findings in cats with miliary dermatitis. JAVMA 189 (10), 1322-1325 PubMed.


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