Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Anal disease

Contributor(s): Ed Hall, Cheryl Hedlund, Philip K Nicholls

Introduction

  • Rare condition.
  • Anal sac disease comprises 3 entities:
    • Impaction.
    • Secondary infection.
    • Abscessation.
  • Cause: unknown.
  • Signs: tenesmus, redness and swelling over anal sac region.
  • Diagnosis: palpation and expressing anal sacs.
  • Treatment: expression of anal sacs; irrigation with an antiseptic solution and antibiotic instillation. Hot packs can be applied topically by the owner daily for 7-10 days.
  • Prognosis: may become chronic and require surgical removal .

Pathogenesis

Pathophysiology

  • Cause unknown.
  • May be related to diet, external anal sphincter dysfunction, undersized anal sac ducts, loose stools.

Timecourse

  • Weeks to months.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Greer M B & Calhoun M L (1966) Anal sacs of the cat (Felis domesticus). Am J Vet Res 27 (118), 773-781 PubMed.


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