Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Serratia spp

Contributor(s): Richard Walker

Introduction

Classification

Taxonomy

  • Family :Enterobacteriaceae.
  • Genus: Serratia.

Etymology

  • Named after Serafino Serrati, an Italian physicist.

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Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Habitat

  • Environmental organism, opportunistic pathogen.

Lifecycle

  • Multiplies in damp, shaded environments by binary fission.
  • Multiplies in the immunocompromized host.
  • May exchange plasmids with other Enterobacteriaceae.

Transmission

  • Contamination of wounds or other compromized sites.
  • Cause of nosocomial infections following environmental contamination.

Pathological effects

  • Associated with infection in immunosuppressed animals and humans.
  • Mastitis in cows, septicemia in chickens and immunosuppressed mammals, infections in reptiles.

Control

Control via chemotherapies

Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMed Resource and PubMed.
  • Armstrong J P (1984) Systemic Serratia marcescens infection in a dog and cat. JAVMA 184, 1143.
  • Fox J G, Beaucage C M, Folta C A & Thornton G W (1981) Nosocomial transmission of Serratia marcescens in a veterinary hospital due to contamination by benzalkonium chloride. J Clin Microbiol 14(2), 157-160.

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