Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Bacillus anthracis

Synonym(s): Anthrax

Contributor(s): Susan Dawson, Martyn Edelston

Introduction

Classification

Taxonomy

  • Genus: Bacillus
  • Species: anthracis

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Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Habitat

  • Infected soil.
  • Burial sites.
  • Tannery effluent.

Transmission

  • Dogs and cats infected by eating raw contaminated meat, occasionally percutaneous.

Pathological effects

  • Following oral infection there is inflammation and necrosis of the upper gastrointestinal tract with subsequent necrosis of mesenteric lymph nodes, spleen and liver.
  • Pathogenic toxins are produced.

Other Host Effects

  • Dogs (and cats) are relatively resistant to infection.

Control

Control via chemotherapies

  • Sensitive to penicillin and many other antibiotics.

Control via environment

  • Special disinfection procedures required.

Other countermeasures

  • Prevent cats and dogs eating raw contaminated meat.

Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Hanna P (1998) How anthrax kills. Science 280 (5370), 1671, 1673-4 PubMed.
  • Creel S, Marusha-Creel N, Matovelo J A et al (1995) The effects of anthrax on endangered African wild dogs. J Zool 236 (2), 199-209 Wiley Online Library.

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