Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Babesia spp

Contributor(s): Ian Wright

Introduction

Classification

Taxonomy

  • Phylum:Protozoa.
  • Family:Babesiidae.
  • Genus:Babesia  Babesia felis  .

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Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Transmission

Pathological effects

  • Human: fever, hemolytic anemia, may be fatal. More common in splenectomized patients.
  • Dog/cat: progressive anemia Anemia: immune-mediated hemolytic ; may be acute or chronic; often subclinical.
  • Cerebral signs due to "sludging" in the cerebral capillaries.

Control

Control via chemotherapies

  • Diminazine aceturate; imidocarbdiproprionate; trypan blue (IV).

Vaccination

  • None in UK.
  • Available for dogs in France.

Other countermeasures

  • Control tick vector.

Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Bosman A, Oosthuizen M C, Venter E H et al (2013) Babesia lengau associated with cerebral and haemolytic babesiosis in two domestic cats. Parasites and Vectors 6, 128 PubMed.
  • MacWilliams P S (1987) Erythrocytic rickettsia and protozoa of the dog and cat. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 17 (6), 1443-1461 PubMed.

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