ISSN 2398-2985      

Celioscopy

Jreptile
Contributor(s):

Mark Naguib

Mark Rowland

Synonym(s): Abdominal endoscopy


Introduction

  • Celioscopy provides a minimally invasive way to examine the coelomic organs.
  • As there is no diaphragm the lungs and heart can be examined.
  • Endoscopic biopsies are faster and less invasive than surgical celiotomy.
  • Celioscopy is particularly useful for liver biopsies.
  • Commonly available equipment for other species can be used.

Uses

  • Visual examination of the lungs , heart, liver, gall bladder, spleen, pancreas, liver, GI tract, gonad and fat pads.
  • Biopsy of coelomic organs Biopsy overview.
  • Endoscopic and endoscopic-assisted surgery.
  • Sex determination.

Advantages

  • Minimally invasive.
  • Provides direct visualization.
  • Targeted biopsy.

Disadvantages

  • Requires special equipment.
  • Requires some experience.
  • Poor exposure compared to surgical celiotomy Celiotomy.
  • In snakes there is no single-entry site that allows visualization of all organs.
  • In snakes insufflation is more difficult.
  • Limited tissue manipulation.
  • Limited biopsy sample size.
  • Less ability to control complications
  • Surface visualization only.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Good but is dependent on underlying illness and degree of debilitation.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Proenca L M & Hernandez-Divers S (2015) Coelioscopic and endoscope-assisted sterilization of chelonians. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 18 (3), 555–570 PubMed.
  • Hernandez-Divers S (2010) Reptile diagnostic endoscopy and endosurgery. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 13 (2), 217–242 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Taylor W M (2006) Endoscopy. In: Reptile Medicine and Surgery. 2nd edn. Ed: Mader D R. Saunders Elsevier, USA. pp 549-563.
  • Wilkinson R, Hernandez-Divers S, Lafortune M, Calvert I, Gumpenberger M & McArthur S (2004) Diagnostic Imaging. In: Medicine and Surgery of Tortoises and Turtles. Eds: Barrows M, McArthur S & Wilkinson R. Wiley Blackwell, USA. pp 187-238.

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