ISSN 2398-2985      

Legislation and welfare in the UK

Jreptile

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)

  • Broadly this is the list of endangered species around the world, categorized into:
    • Appendix 1 contains those species highly endangered in which international trade is banned.
    • Appendix 2 contains those species considered seriously threatened in which trade is again banned or at least heavily controlled.
    • Appendix 3 contains those species which are at risk, and in which international trade is restricted.
  • In the United Kingdom, these lists are enforced by European Union Control of Trade in Endangered Species laws or COTES regulations (Council Regulation 339/97 and Commission Regulation 939/97) wherein the species are divided into four groups:
    • Annex A includes all other Appendix 2 species, except where an EU member state has entered a reservation, some Appendix 3 listed species, and some non-CITES listed species.
    • Annex B includes all species under CITES Appendix 2 and some other species.
    • Annex C includes all species under CITES Appendix 3, except where an EU member state has entered a reservation.
    • Annex D includes non-CITES species which are considered as needing protection by the European Union (this also includes some Appendix 3 species).
  • It is important to note that any person selling a species listed in Annex A must have a license, as well as having some form of permanent identification of that individual to prove its identity.
  • In the case of the Mediterranean tortoise species, the vendor must have a license to prove that the mother of the hatchling is captive bred, or was obtained before the regulations came into force:
    • The hatchling must be sold currently with a license from the government and with an electronic identification chip that is to be implanted in a standard site Microchipping.
    • The British Veterinary Zoological Society currently recommends subcutaneously in the left thigh region.
    • The chip is to be implanted as soon as the plastral length of the tortoise exceeds 100 mm.
    • New so-called ‘mini’ microchips are now available making implantation of smaller individuals possible.
  • See Captive welfare for further information.

Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 / Health and Safety at Work (NI) Order 1978

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Animal Welfare Act 2006 / Welfare of Animals (NI) Act 2011 / Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006

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Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981

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Dangerous wild Animals Act 1976

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Girling S J (2013) Legislation Affecting Exotic Pet Species in the United Kingdom. In: Veterinary Nursing of Exotic Pets. 2nd edn. Wiley-Blackwell. pp 355-356.
     
Reproduced with permission from Simon J Girling: Veterinary Nursing of Exotic Pets © 2013, published by John Wiley & Sons.

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