ISSN 2398-2985  

Veiled chameleon


Vetstream Ltd

Synonym(s): Chamaeleo calyptratus, Cone-head chameleon, Yemen chameleon


Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia. 
  • Phylum: Chordata. 
  • Class: Reptilia. 
  • Order: Squamata. 
  • Suborder: Iguania. 
  • Family: Chamaeleonidae. 
  • Genus: Chamaeleo
  • Species: calyptratus

Distribution and habitat

  • Native to Yemen and Saudi Arabia. 
  • Lives in a range of habitats, including mountains, valleys, trees, large plants and plateaus. 
  • Lives best in temperatures between 24-35°C/75.2-95°F, where water is readily available. 

Species status

  • Currently registered as of least concern.

Life span

  • Males: 4-6 years. 
  • Females: 3-5 years. 
  • May reach up to 8-10 years of age.


  • Insectivores. 
  • In the wild: insects and plants. 
  • In captivity: crickets, locusts, worms and flies Lizard nutrition.
Should always be fed live food. 


  • Two subspecies can be recognized: 
    • C. calyptratus calyptratus
    • C. calyptratus calcarifer
  • The casque in the C. calyptratus calyptratus is larger than the latter. 


  • Reach sexual maturity at 4-8 months of age.
  • Breed all year round and will breed more than once a year Lizard reproduction
  • Females lay clutches of up to 85 eggs. 

As pets

  • Most common species in the pet trade. 
  • Need a 40-60% humidity level, enclosure should be missed several times daily.

Biological Data

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Further Reading


Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Exotic Pets (2018) Yemen Chameleon. Website: Last accessed 28th February 2018. 
  • Pet Education (2017) Veiled Chameleons Species Profile. Website: Last accessed 28th February 2018. 
  • Top 10 Species (2017) Helping Your Chameleon Live a Long, Healthy Life. Website: Last accessed 28th February 2018. 
  • Reptiles Magazine (2015) Veiled Chameleon Care Sheet. Website: Last accessed 28th February 2018.
  • Pollock C (2012) Basic Information Sheet:Veiled Chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus). Website: Last accessed 25th July 2018.
  • Wilms T, Sindaco R & Shobrak M (2012) Chamaeleo calyptratus. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Website: Last accessed on 26 July 2018.
  • Coke R & Fisher P (2005) Old World Chameleon Pet Care. In: Unusual Pet Care Vol 1. Zoological Education Network Ltd, USA. pp 2-8.
  • Jones E (2000) Chamaeleo calyptratus. Website: Last accessed 26th July 2018.
  • O'Shea M & Halliday T (2002) Reptiles & Amphibians. Dorling Kindersley Ltd, UK. pp 79.
  • Pet MD Veiled Chameleon - Chameleo calyptratus calyptratus. Website: Last accessed 25th July 2018.

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